Chandigarh, city and union territory of india. Located about 165 miles (265 km) north of New Delhi, the territory is bounded by the state of Haryana on the east and by the state of Punjab on all other sides. It is situated on the Indo-Gangetic Plain a short distance southwest of the Siwalik Range (Shiwalik Range), between two seasonal hill torrents, the Sukhna and Patiali rivers. The land is a flat and fertile tract of alluvial soils, and its rural farmland produces such crops as wheat, corn (maize), and rice. In the summer months (April to June) temperatures may rise above 120 °F (about 50 °C), while in the winter months (November to February) temperatures may dip into the mid-30s F (about 2 °C), with frequent rain showers. The monsoon season (July to September) is hot and humid.
Chandigarh was the dream city of India's first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru. After the partition of India in 1947, the former British province of Punjab was split between (mostly Sikhs) East Punjab in India and (mostly Muslim) West Punjab in Pakistan. The Indian Punjab required a new capital city to replace Lahore, which had become part of Pakistan during the partition. Therefore, an American planner and architect Albert Mayer was tasked to design a new city called "Chandigarh" in 1949. The government carved out Chandigarh of nearly 50 Puadhi speaking villages of the then state of East Punjab, India. Shimla was the temporary capital of East Punjab until Chandigarh was completed in 1960.
Albert Mayer, during his work on the development and planning of the new capital city of Chandigarh, developed a superblock-based city threaded with green spaces which emphasized cellular neighborhoods and traffic segregation. His site plan used natural characteristics, using its gentle grade to promote drainage and rivers to orient the plan. Mayer discontinued his work on Chandigarh after developing a master plan for the city when his architect-partner Matthew Nowicki died in a plane crash in 1950. Government officials recruited Le Corbusier to succeed Mayer and Nowicki, who enlisted many elements of Mayer's original plan without attributing them to him.
Chandigarh is a cosmopolitan city that has always encouraged the various diverse groups to intermingle with each other. Therefore, one can find several bhavans and sabhas over here that are actively involved in the task of promoting different cultures. The blending of distinctive cultural aspects is also reflected in the architectural style of the shrines of this city. Apart from the typical north Indian style, you can also find places of worship in the styles of Kerala, Tamilnadu, Orissa & Bengal. The folk music and dances of different communities are given a boost. Various exhibitions and workshops are conducted to showcase the talent of people.