Babur, (Persian: “Tiger”), original name Zahir al-Din Muhammad, (born February 15, 1483) was the
founder of the Mughal Empire in India. His descendants, the Mughal emperors, built a long-lasting empire
that covered much of the subcontinent until 1868, and that continues to shape the culture of India to this day.
Babur himself was of noble blood on his father’s side, he was a Timurid, a Persianized Turk descended
from Timur the Lame, and on his mother’s side he was descended from Genghis Khan.
Zahir-ud-din Muhammad, nicknamed “Babur” or “Lion,” was born into the Timurid royal family in Andijan, now in Uzbekistan, on February 14, 1483. His father, Umar Sheikh Mirza, was the Emir of Ferghana; his mother, Qutlaq Nigar Khanum, was the daughter of Moghuli king Yunus Khan.
By the time of Babur’s birth, the remaining Mongol descendants in western Central Asia had intermarried with Turkic and Persian peoples, and assimilated into local culture. They were strongly influenced by Persia (using Farsi as their official court language), and they had converted to Islam. Most favored the
mystic Sufism-infused style of Sunni Islam.